Route 53 Introduction
The course is part of these learning paths
Amazon's Route 53 provides three services: record creation (which registers the human-readable names you'd like associated with your web domains), request handling (to direct web traffic to the right servers), and health checks (to ensure that traffic isn't being directed to servers that can't handle the load).
Very few web-facing AWS deployments can really be considered complete without applying the tools Route 53 makes available, so cloud expert David Robinson will guide you through some of the more common - and useful - domain-related tasks, including:
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Using Amazon Route 53 as your DNS service. AWS offers the ability to provide full end to end management for domain management from registering a domain, transferring and of course hosting your DNS zone. Registration. If you want to get a new domain name such as cloudacademylabs1.com, You can register this with Route 53 which you can do via the AWS management console. Or if you have a large number to process, using the Amazon Route 53 API or one of the AWS SDKs.
If you're only registering and managing a few domains, using the console is by far the simplest way to register a new domain. From the Route 53 console, select registered domains from the left hand menu and then click register domain to start. The first thing to do is to enter the domain name you would like to register to see if it is available. For this example we will enter cloudacademylabs1 and from the dropdown you can select the domain suffix you're interested in, which also includes the cost of the domain in brackets. As we are interested in a dot com domain we will just click check to see if the domain name is available. As the domain is available, we will select add to cart to put it into our shopping cart. You can also select multiples to add to your shopping basket up to a maximum of five domains. Click continue. On the contact details for your domain page, enter your contact information which will be used for the domain registrant, administrator and technical contact for all the domains you selected. If you wish to enter different details for each of the roles, change the value by selecting no on the radio button to my registrant, administrative and technical contacts are all the same. Click continue. On the final page, review the information you entered to ensure that it is correct. Read the Terms of Service and then check the check box to confirm that you have read and agree to the Terms of Service. Click complete purchase. Once you have completed the purchase, an e-mail will be sent to the registrant of the domain to verify that you can be contacted at the address supplied. This is an ICan requirement and the address will come from one of the following email addresses: firstname.lastname@example.org for all TLDs except .com.au and .net.au and domains at TPPwholesale.com.au. for .com.au and .net.au domain names.
Important. You must follow the instructions that are contained in the email to verify that you have received it, otherwise your domain names will be suspended. Once you have followed the instructions in the email you will receive another email to verify that the domain registration has been approved. If you don't respond to the email within 15 days, the domain will be suspended in which case you will need to go to the registered domains page and click send email again and follow the instructions to get it unsuspended. As you register the domain with Amazon Route 53, they have automatically created a hosted zone for the domain to make it easier for you to use Amazon or Route 53 as the DNS service provider for your new domain.
Now you can add resource record sets to your hosted zone so Route 53 can respond to DNS queries for your new domain. Transferring domain names. To transfer registration of a domain name to Route 53 is a reasonably simple process, but the requirements vary depending on the TLD. However, the following are general requirements that you need to be aware of. The registration of the domain with the current registrar or transfer to the current registrar is at least 60 days old. If the domain name expired and was restored, it has to be at least 60 days ago. The domain can't have pending delete, pending transfer, redemption period or client transfer prohibited status codes.
To transfer the domain, the following steps need to be performed. Unlock the domain so it can be transferred. Disable domain privacy for the domain so the registrar can get your contact information. Ensure the registrant contact for the domain has a valid email address. Get an authorization code for the domain; not required for certain TLDs. Please note that even if you have done the above it may take some time for the changes to propagate. If you wish to transfer from AWS to another registrant, the above steps apply. But be aware that if you have been using Route 53 for DNS services, that the following resorts record set may not have corresponding functionality with the new provider and will need to be planned accordingly. Alias resource record sets, weighted resource record sets, latency resource records sets, failover resource records sets and geo resource record sets.
If you registered a domain under one AWS account and you want to transfer the domain to another AWS account, you need to send a support request to the AWS support center requesting the transfer. If you also want to transfer the hosted zone to that account, you will need to manually create the new hosted zone and resource record sets. Deleting. If you have a domain name and no longer wish to have it registered, you can delete it from the Route 53 console. From the left hand menu, select registered domains. Click the name of the domain and then click delete domain. If the registry doesn't allow you to delete a domain registration, just disable automatic renewal and when it expires, Route 53 will automatically delete it for you.
About the Author
David's acknowledged hands on experience in the IT industry has seen him speak at international conferences, operate in presales environments and conduct actual design and delivery services.
David also has extensive experience in delivery operations. David has worked in the financial, mining, state government, federal government and public sectors across Asia Pacific and the US