Connecting to Linux
The course is part of this learning path
In this course, you will learn how to install a Linux system and connect to it, whether that be on Mac or Windows. You'll also learn how to install Linux from scratch. This course is part of the Linux Administration Bootcamp learning path, designed to get you up and running with Linux.
- Understand what a Linux distribution is, what the most common Linux distributions are, and how to choose the right one for you
- Learn how to install VirtualBox on Windows and Mac
- Learn how to install Linux using an image for VirtualBox
- Understand common issues that may arise with VirtualBox and how to deal with them
- Learn how to install CentOS from scratch
- Learn how to connect to a Linux system
- Anyone with little to no knowledge of Linux who wants to learn more about the operating system
- Professionals who want to learn about Linux to enhance their career prospects
This is a beginner-level course so there are no prerequisites, but an interest in Linux and programming knowledge in general would be beneficial.
The external resources for this course can be found here:
This video is for Windows users only. So if you're using a Mac, go ahead and skip ahead to the next video. First, let's open up a web browser and visit virtualbox.org. Next, find the link that takes you to the download page. Currently, that's downloads, we'll click this here. From here, select the file for your platform, which is Windows. So we'll click on the link next to Windows hosts.
Once the download is complete, we can click on the file to begin the installation process. The installation is fairly easy. We're simply going to accept all the defaults and answer yes to all the questions. So here I'm going to go ahead and click on next. Again I'm gonna accept the defaults by clicking on next. The defaults are fine, click next, yes, and finally I'll click install. Again whenever you're prompted, go ahead and click on yes. At the end of the installation, clicking on finish will start VirtualBox.
Okay the virtual box application started, so the installation went correctly. To start VirtualBox in the future, there's a couple of ways you can do it. One, you can click into the search bar and simply start typing VirtualBox. Then you'll see the option in the search results, so Oracle VM VirtualBox. Another way you can find it is by clicking on the Windows button and then navigating to it. And in this method, you wanna make sure you're looking for the full name of the application, which is Oracle VM VirtualBox. So here you see an Oracle VM VirtualBox folder, so we'll click in there. Finally, you'll see the application itself, Oracle VM VirtualBox and that's how you would start it in the future.
Next, let's install a program called 7-Zip. To do that, we'll visit 7-zip.org. You should see a download link right on the first page. But if for some reason you don't, you can always click on downloads to go to the full download page. Here I'm just going to click the download link next to the 64-bit file. We'll click that and make sure that that downloads.
Next, we'll click on it to start the installation. We'll click on yes here. Again we're going to accept the defaults, just like we did with the VirtualBox. Now the installation is complete and we can click close. In an upcoming video, you'll be asked to download and extract the contents of a compressed archive file. You'll do that with this 7-Zip program that we just downloaded. Here's an example of how to do that. I have a file downloaded that ends in .7z. I've navigated to file using the Explorer. It's in my downloads directory here.
Now I will right-click on the file, go to the 7-Zip sub-menu and then click extract here. You'll see that a new folder appears and it has the uncompressed version of the file in it. So I'm going to double-click in there and now you can see that it has a file there. Now you're ready to install Linux in a virtual machine using VirtualBox.
Jason is the founder of the Linux Training Academy as well as the author of "Linux for Beginners" and "Command Line Kung Fu." He has over 20 years of professional Linux experience, having worked for industry leaders such as Hewlett-Packard, Xerox, UPS, FireEye, and Amazon.com. Nothing gives him more satisfaction than knowing he has helped thousands of IT professionals level up their careers through his many books and courses.