Data Transfer Pricing


SAA-C03 Introduction
RDS vs. EC2
RDS vs. EC2
Amazon DynamoDB
DynamoDB Accelerator
SAA-C03 Review
Start course
2h 52m

This section of the Solution Architect Associate learning path introduces you to the AWS database services relevant to the SAA-C03 exam. We then understand the service options available and learn how to select and apply AWS database services to meet specific design scenarios relevant to the Solution Architect Associate exam. 

Want more? Try a lab playground or do a Lab Challenge

Learning Objectives

  • Understand the various database services that can be used when building cloud solutions on AWS
  • Learn how to build databases using Amazon RDS, DynamoDB, Redshift, DocumentDB, Keyspaces, and QLDB
  • Learn how to create Elasticache and Neptune clusters
  • Understand AWS database costs
  • Learn about data lakes and how to build a data lake in AWS

When we talk about data transfer there are a number of different data paths where you might be charged for transferring data IN to and OUT of your RDS database depending on the source and destination, for example:

  • Data transferred IN to your RDS database from the internet
  • Data transferred OUT from your RDS database to the internet
  • Data transferred OUT to Amazon CloudFront
  • Data transferred OUT to AWS Regions
  • Data transferred OUT to EC2 instances in the same availability zone
  • Data transferred between availability zones for multi-az replication
  • Data transferred between an EC2 instance and an RDS instance in different availability zones of the same region
  • Data transferred when a snapshot copy is transferred to a different region

Across the different DB engines, there is consistency when it comes to data transfer costs, so let’s take a look at each of the price points individually.  In the following examples, I will be taking the pricing from the MySQL DB engine.

Firstly, let me show you under which circumstances you will NOT be charged for data transfer and so it completely free, this includes:

  • Any data that is transferred IN to your RDS database from the internet
  • Any Data that is transferred OUT to Amazon CloudFront
  • Any data that is transferred OUT to EC2 instances in the same availability zone
  • Data transferred between availability zones for multi-az replication - For those who might be new to Multi-AZ, it simply means Multi-Availability Zone, which is a feature that is used to help with resiliency and business continuity. When Multi-AZ is configured, a secondary RDS instance, known as a replica, is deployed within a different availability zone within the same region as the primary instance. That's its single and only purpose, to provide a failover option for a primary RDS instance.  As a result, there is a requirement for data replication between the primary and the secondary.

Data transferred OUT from your RDS database to the internet: This element of data transfer is very dependent on how much data you transfer per month and is charged per GB.  As a result, the resulting pricing is reflected as a tiered structure as you can see.

The first GB each month is free, and then as the amount of data transferred increases in Terabytes, the amount charged in GB decreases.  The more you transfer out to the internet, the cheaper per GB your data transfer becomes.

If data is transferred from RDS out to another region, then you will incur a small charge per GB, and as it stands at the time of writing this course, this is a flat fee of $0.02 per GB for ANY region that the data is transferred to.  

In this instance, charges will apply for Amazon EC2 regional data transfer both sides of the transfer and is charged at $0.01/GB in each direction.

As explained earlier, Snapshots in RDS are your backups of your database tables and instances, and these snapshots can be both exported out of Amazon RDS and copied to another region.  These Cross-region snapshots are a great way to help you implement a disaster recovery strategy across your RDS database infrastructure.

When copying your snapshots across regions you are just charged for the amount of data transferred based on the size of the snapshot, based on $0.02 per GB.

About the Author
Learning Paths

Stuart has been working within the IT industry for two decades covering a huge range of topic areas and technologies, from data center and network infrastructure design, to cloud architecture and implementation.

To date, Stuart has created 150+ courses relating to Cloud reaching over 180,000 students, mostly within the AWS category and with a heavy focus on security and compliance.

Stuart is a member of the AWS Community Builders Program for his contributions towards AWS.

He is AWS certified and accredited in addition to being a published author covering topics across the AWS landscape.

In January 2016 Stuart was awarded ‘Expert of the Year Award 2015’ from Experts Exchange for his knowledge share within cloud services to the community.

Stuart enjoys writing about cloud technologies and you will find many of his articles within our blog pages.