Terminology from Software Development & Operations
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This course is intended for executives who are looking to build and validate an overall understanding of the AWS Cloud. It is useful for executives looking to understand AWS from a business perspective.

If you have any feedback relating to this course, please contact us at

Learning Objectives

  • Review AWS Compute Fundamentals
  • Review AWS Storage Fundamentals
    Review AWS Database Fundamentals
  • Review AWS Networking Fundamentals
  • Learn about AWS Cloud Economics

Intended Audience

  • Business Executives
  • Non-technical Staff


No specific prerequisites. The content is designed to help non-technical teams increase awareness and knowledge from a business perspective.


You've probably heard this one here before: DevOps. DevOps is a set of practices that intends to break down traditional silos between developers and operators of computer systems, allowing combined teams to collaborate and deliver software in a more consistent, efficient and automated fashion.

Enterprise Architecture, or EA, groups are traditionally tasked with outlining the structure of the systems an enterprise will build and maintain to achieve its business goals. Like physical architects, they provide the blueprints for how the various systems should be put together, the "materials" or software concepts that should be used to build them, and how the end results should look.

Lift & Shift. Lift & Shift is a method of migration involving moving an application as currently architected and built from one environment (an on-premises data center) to another (usually a public cloud). Lift & Shift migrations can usually be done more quickly as they often do not require substantial change to the application code or configuration.

However, because they do not modify applications to use cloud-native services, they tend to create situations where the cloud system is more expensive or difficult to run than the on-premises system had been. 

Lift & Shift migrations are typically used when time pressure to close a data center or other need outweighs the cost and quality issues. A remediation period for the environment should always be planned After a Lift & Shift migration to address issues.

Workload is a generic name for an application or software system running on a computing or other platform.

In a traditional website, there might be a web server, an application server and a database server, each running on an individual hardware-based server, or virtual machine in my data center, each of those three elements of the application would be a workload running on that virtual server. 

On-Premises (or On-Prem) is a term used to refer to company-owned or company-controlled data center space. Usually used to differentiate from public cloud environments where application migrations are targeting workloads.

Companies have an extensive On-premises infrastructure built over many years when they begin using the cloud, and there are often difficulties using systems, infrastructure or processes developed for the on-premises environment in the public cloud.

Rightsizing is a form of optimization where measurements are taken over time to match workloads to a virtual resource sized to run it efficiently with a minimum of waste. Rightsizing can be used as a technique to save costs but must always involve technology oversight as well.

Agile is a method of project management, used primarily for software development characterized by division of tasks to short phases of work (into sprints) and frequent assessment of priorities and plans. Generally, leads to development of products or software incrementally beginning with a minimum viable product and then continually enhancing it from a backlog of requirements.

About the Author
Learning Paths

Stuart has been working within the IT industry for two decades covering a huge range of topic areas and technologies, from data center and network infrastructure design, to cloud architecture and implementation.

To date, Stuart has created 150+ courses relating to Cloud reaching over 180,000 students, mostly within the AWS category and with a heavy focus on security and compliance.

Stuart is a member of the AWS Community Builders Program for his contributions towards AWS.

He is AWS certified and accredited in addition to being a published author covering topics across the AWS landscape.

In January 2016 Stuart was awarded ‘Expert of the Year Award 2015’ from Experts Exchange for his knowledge share within cloud services to the community.

Stuart enjoys writing about cloud technologies and you will find many of his articles within our blog pages.