AWS Nitro Benefits


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This course explores the AWS Nitro System, covering the basics of the service, its core components, and its benefits.

Learning Objectives

  • Learn what the AWS Nitro system is
  • Understand the key components that make up the AWS Nitro system
  • Understand the difference between the Nitro cards of an EC2 instance
  • Explore the benefits of the AWS Nitro System

Intended Audience

This course is intended for those who are looking to learn more about the underlying architecture of EC2 instances at the virtualization level.


As a prerequisite to this course, you should be familiar with virtualization methods and concepts, including components such as hypervisors, in addition to an understanding of computing hardware and terms. 


So, we’ve now seen an overview of the underlying hardware and components of the AWS Nitro System, I want to run through what this innovation brings to the table for AWS and its customers.   

Well since its launch back in 2017, it has allowed AWS to increase and continue its pace of innovation.  It is now possible to update the software on Nitro cards without any instance interruption, we’ve also seen a significant increase in performance, plus additional compute developments announced over the years, such as the AWS inferentia chip which was released at the end of 2018.  For those unaware of the inferentia chip, it's a high-performance machine learning inference chip, based upon the AWS Nitro System.

In addition to this AWS have expanded their CPU architecture landscape too, prior to 2017 AWS instances were just running on Intel processors, with the introduction of the Nitro System, instance architecture has expanded and developed, and instances can now take advantage of with Intel, Arm or AMD chips, giving flexibility and options on performance to customers.

The introduction of Nitro has also led to faster developments of AWS bare metal instances, the range is expanding quicker than ever before.  This type of instance provides the ability to run applications on EC2 instances that require and benefit from having direct access to the bare metal infrastructure.  This is normally required by specialized workloads, running in non-virtualized environments, which is sometimes required from both a support and licensing perspective.

So as you can see, the AWS Nitro system provides a lot of different benefits, from enhanced innovation, greater security, and greater performance.

That now brings me to the end of this course where I have introduced the AWS Nitro System and its core components, and so you should now have a greater understanding of their underlying virtualized architecture of your EC2 instances.

Feedback on our courses here at Cloud Academy is valuable to both us as trainers and any students looking to take the same course in the future. If you have any feedback, positive or negative, it would be greatly appreciated if you could contact

Thank you for your time and good luck with your continued learning of cloud computing. Thank you.

About the Author
Stuart Scott
AWS Content Director
Learning Paths

Stuart has been working within the IT industry for two decades covering a huge range of topic areas and technologies, from data center and network infrastructure design, to cloud architecture and implementation.

To date, Stuart has created 150+ courses relating to Cloud reaching over 180,000 students, mostly within the AWS category and with a heavy focus on security and compliance.

Stuart is a member of the AWS Community Builders Program for his contributions towards AWS.

He is AWS certified and accredited in addition to being a published author covering topics across the AWS landscape.

In January 2016 Stuart was awarded ‘Expert of the Year Award 2015’ from Experts Exchange for his knowledge share within cloud services to the community.

Stuart enjoys writing about cloud technologies and you will find many of his articles within our blog pages.