hands-on lab

Kubernetes Observability: Logging

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Lab description

An important consideration for any platform used to deploy production applications is observability. This lab essentially answers how Kubernetes handles and helps you with observing everything that happens in the platform in terms of logging. Logging and monitoring are two pillars of observability. You will use what is built into Kubernetes and kubectl as well as learn how to extend the platform to use external logging systems. More specifically, you will use the sidecar multi-container Pod pattern to stream Pod logs to S3 using Fluentd. These foundations give you powerful debugging skills to diagnose and resolve issues with applications running in Kubernetes.

This lab is valuable to anyone working with Kubernetes, but the content has been prepared considering topics described in the Certified Kubernetes Application Developer (CKAD) Exam Curriculum. Completion of the lab will help you get hands-on experience, which is essential for passing the CKAD exam.

Learning Objectives

  • Understand container logging including how to use logging agents and the sidecar pattern
  • Understand debugging in Kubernetes

Intended Audience

  • Kubernetes admins and operators
  • Application developers and DevOps engineers deploying applications in containers and using or considering Kubernetes
  • This lab is recommended for Certified Kubernetes Application Developer (CKAD) examinees


  • Knowledge of Kubernetes Pod Design (Pods, Deployments, Services, Jobs)
  • Experience with kubectl

You can complete the Kubernetes Pod Design for Application Developers lab series to satisfy the prerequisites.


October 13th, 2023 - Updated Kubernetes version

June 13th, 2023 - Updated Kubernetes version

September 6th, 2022 - Updated to run Kubernetes 1.24

November 9th, 2021 - Added emphasis to the warning message related to logs taking 1-2 minutes to first start appearing in the S3 bucket

Environment before
Environment after
About the author
Logan Rakai, opens in a new tab
Lead Content Developer - Labs
Learning paths

Logan has been involved in software development and research since 2007 and has been in the cloud since 2012. He is an AWS Certified DevOps Engineer - Professional, AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Professional, Microsoft Certified Azure Solutions Architect Expert, MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure, Google Cloud Certified Associate Cloud Engineer, Certified Kubernetes Security Specialist (CKS), Certified Kubernetes Administrator (CKA), Certified Kubernetes Application Developer (CKAD), and Certified OpenStack Administrator (COA). He earned his Ph.D. studying design automation and enjoys all things tech.

LinkedIn, Twitter, GitHub

Covered topics
Lab steps
Connecting to the Kubernetes Cluster
Understanding Container Logging in Kubernetes
Kubernetes Logging Using a Logging Agent and the Sidecar Pattern