hands-on lab

Creating Reusable Infrastructure with Terraform Modules

Beginner
Up to 40m
3,117
4.7/5
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Description

Modules are a critical component of production-grade Terraform configurations. It gives infrastructure developers the ability to split infrastructure services into separate components. For example, you can have a module for deploying EC2 Instances and a module for deploying VPCs. You can then use each module as a building block for creating entire environments in AWS.

Terraform configuration files that are thousands of lines of code are considered an anti-pattern. Infrastructure code becomes unmanageable, and execution plans can take over 10 minutes to create. Instead, split the code up into modules. Modules separate pieces of the infrastructure into reusable, testable units.

Modules also provide a way for the community to share Terraform configurations with others. There are hundreds of modules on the Terraform Registry. It is highly recommended to look at the community-made modules before creating your own from scratch. The State of DevOps report shows that companies that reuse code are high performers.

In this lab, you will learn how to create reusable Terraform configurations using modules.

Learning objectives

Upon completion of this lab, you will be able to:

  • Understand how to use modules to create reusable infrastructure
  • Know the benefits of using modules
  • Learn how to pass data between modules

Intended audience

This lab is intended for:

  • Individuals studying to take the HashiCorp Certified: Terraform Associate exam
  • Anyone interested in learning how to use Terraform to manage Cloud Service Providers

Prerequisites

You should be familiar with:

  • Cloud Services
  • DevOps
  • Deploying resources with Terraform and using variables

The following course can be used to fulfill the prerequisites:

Updates

December 22, 2023 - Lab updated to utilize CodeTour IDE

April 24th, 2023 - Resolved IDE delay

Environment before

Environment after

About the author

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Luke is a Site Reliability Engineer at Microsoft. His background is infrastructure development using Terraform and in 2021 he was awarded the HashiCorp Ambassador award. He is an Azure DevOps Engineer Expert, Azure Administrator Associate, and HashiCorp Certified - Terraform Associate.

Covered topics

Lab steps

Creating Terraform Modules