Kubernetes Observability - Logging, Monitoring, and Debugging

Lab Steps

Logging in to the Amazon Web Services Console
Understanding the Kubernetes Cluster Architecture
Connecting to the Virtual Machine using SSH with Agent Forwarding
Using Probes to Better Understand Pod Health
Understanding Container Logging in Kubernetes
Kubernetes Logging Using a Logging Agent and the Sidecar Pattern
Monitoring Kubernetes Applications
Validate Kubernetes Observability - Logging, Monitoring, and Debugging

The hands-on lab is part of these learning paths

Building, Deploying, and Running Containers in Production
course-steps 5 certification 3 lab-steps 14 description 1

Ready for the real environment experience?

Time Limit2h
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An important consideration for any platform used to deploy production applications is observability. This Lab essentially answers how Kubernetes handles and helps you with observing everything that happens in the platform. Logging and monitoring are two pillars of observability and you will learn how to master each in this Lab. You will use what is built into Kubernetes and kubectl as well as how to extend the platform to use external logging and monitoring systems. More specifically, you will use the sidecar multi-container Pod pattern to stream Pod logs to S3 using Fluentd. You will also install Metrics Server as an example of a monitoring system. All of these combined give you powerful debugging skills to diagnose and resolve issues with applications running in Kubernetes.

This Lab is valuable to anyone working with Kubernetes, but the content has been prepared considering topics described in the Certified Kubernetes Application Developer (CKAD) Exam Curriculum. Completion of the Lab will help you get hands-on experience, which is essential for passing the CKAD exam.

Learning Objectives

  • Understand liveness probes and readiness probes
  • Understand container logging including how to use logging agents and the sidecar pattern
  • Understand how to monitor applications in Kubernetes
  • Understand debugging in Kubernetes

Intended Audience

  • Kubernetes admins and operators
  • Application developers and DevOps engineers deploying applications in containers and using or considering Kubernetes
  • This Lab is recommended for Certified Kubernetes Application Developer (CKAD) examinees


  • Knowledge of Kubernetes Pod Design (Pods, Deployments, Services, Jobs)
  • Experience with kubectl

You can complete the Kubernetes Pod Design for Application Developers Lab to satisfy the prerequisites.

Environment before
Environment after

About the Author

Learning paths12

Logan has been involved in software development and research since 2007 and has been in the cloud since 2012. He is an AWS Certified DevOps Engineer - Professional, AWS Certified Solutions Architect - Professional, Microsoft Certified Azure Solutions Architect Expert, MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure, Google Cloud Certified Associate Cloud Engineer, Certified Kubernetes Administrator (CKA), Certified Kubernetes Application Developer (CKAD), Linux Foundation Certified System Administrator (LFCS), and Certified OpenStack Administrator (COA). He earned his Ph.D. studying design automation and enjoys all things tech.

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